Pack contains 500 Seeds Of Jatropha curcus Physic nut, Purging nut Jatropha
curcus is a drought resistant perennial, growing well in marginal/poor
soil. It is easy to establish, grows relatively quickly and lives, producing
seeds for 50 years.
Jatropha the wonder plant produces seeds with an oil content of 37%. The oil can be combusted as fuel without being refined. It burns with clear smoke free flame, tested successfully as fuel for simple diesel engine. The by-products are press cake a good organic fertilizer, oil contains also insecticide. It is found to be growing in many parts of the country, rugged in nature and can survive with minimum inputs and easy to propagate.
Medically it is used for diseases like cancer, piles, snakebite, paralysis, dropsy etc. Jatropha grows wild in many areas of India and even thrives on infertile soil. A good crop can be obtained with little effort.
Depending on soil quality and rainfall, oil can be extracted from the Jatropha nuts after two to five years. The annual nut yield ranges from 0.5 to 12 tons. The kernels consist of oil to about 60 percent; this can be transformed into Biodiesel fuel through esterification. Family: Euphorbiaceae Synonyms: Curcas purgans Medic. Vernacular/common names: English- physic nut, purging nut; Hindi - Ratanjyot Jangli erandi; Malayalam ? Katamanak; Tamil ? Kattamanakku; Telugu ? Pepalam; Kannada ? Kadaharalu; Gujarathi ? Jepal; Sanskrit ? Kanana randa. Distribution and habitat It is still uncertain where the centre of origin is, but it is believed to be Mexico and Central America. It has been introduced to Africa and Asia and is now culti-vated world-wide. This highly drought resistant spe-cies is adapted to arid and semi-arid conditions.
The current distribution shows that introduction has been most successful in the drier regions of the tropics with annual rainfall of 300-1000 mm. It occurs mainly at lower altitudes (0-500 m) in areas with average an-nual temperatures well above 20°C but can grow at higher altitudes and tolerates slight frost. It grows on well drained soils with good aeration and is well adapted to marginal soils with low nutrient content. Botanical Features It is a small tree or shrub with smooth gray bark, which exudes a whitish colored, watery, latex when cut. Normally, it grows between three and five meters in height, but can attain a height of up to eight or ten meters under favorable conditions. Leaves It has large green to pale green leaves, alternate to sub opposite, three-to five lobed with a spiral phyllotaxis. Flowers
The petiole length ranges between 6-23 mm. The inflorescence is formed
in the leaf axil. Flowers are formed terminally, individually, with female
flowers usually slightly larger and occurs in the hot seasons. In conditions
where continuous growth occurs, an unbalance of postulate or staminate
flower production results in a higher number of female flowers. Fruits
Fruits are produced in winter when the shrub is leafless, or it may produce
several crops during the year if soil moisture is good and temperatures
are sufficiently high. Each inflorescence yields a bunch of approximately
10 or more ovoid fruits. A three, bi-valved cocci is formed after the seeds
mature and the fleshy exocarp dries. Seeds The seeds become mature when
the capsule changes from green to yellow, after two to four months Flowering
and fruiting habit The trees are deciduous, shedding the leaves in the
dry season. Flowering occurs during the wet season and two flowering peaks
are often seen. In permanently hu-mid regions, flowering occurs throughout
the year. The seeds mature about three months after flowering. Early growth
is fast and with good rainfall conditions nursery plants may bear fruits
after the first rainy season, direct sown plants after the second rainy
season. The flowers are pollinated by insects especially honey bees.
Ecological Requirements Jatropha curcas grows almost anywhere , even on gravel, sandy and saline soils. It can thrive on the poorest stony soil. It can grow even in the crevices of rocks. The leaves shed during the winter months form mulch around the base of the plant. The organic matter from shed leaves enhance earth-worm activity in the soil around the root zone of the plants, which improves the fertility of the soil. Regarding climate,
Jatropha curcas is found in the tropics and subtropics and likes heat, although it does well even in lower temperatures and can withstand a light frost. Its water requirement is extremely low and it can stand long periods of drought by shedding most of its leaves to reduce transpiration loss. Jatropha is also suitable for preventing soil erosion and shifting of sand dunes. Biophysical limits Altitude: 0-500 m, Mean annual temperature: 20-28 deg. C, Mean annual rainfall: 300-1000 mm or more.
Soil type: Grows on well drained soils with good aeration and is well adapted to marginal soils with low nutrient content. On heavy soils, root formation is reduced. Jatropha is a highly adaptable species, but its strength as a crop comes from its ability to grow on very poor and dry sites AVAILABLE IN BULK ALSO
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